United against child labourJun 16 2020
World Day Against Child Labor is celebrated on 12 June 2020.
Various legislative instruments have been introduced over the years to fight against this plague: Article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the ILO Convention 182 on the elimination of the worst forms of child labour, and the ILO 138 Convention on the minimum age of employment, recognize the right of every child to be protected from economic exploitation and the performance of any work that may interfere with the child's education or harm his health.
According to data from the International Labour Organization, there are 152 million children aged 5 to 17 in the world who are victims of child labour. Almost half are between the ages of 5 and 11.
Of the total, 58% are male and 42% are female, although there is probably an underestimation of female work in domestic work.
Child labour is mainly concentrated in agriculture (71%), which includes fishing, forestry, livestock farming and aquaculture, including both subsistence farming and commercial agriculture; 17% in services; and 12% in the industrial sector, including mining. Nearly half of these children are estimated to be involved in work activities that are regarded as dangerous.
The impact of Covid-19 on child labour
While official data in recent years showed a containment of the phenomenon, the Covid-19 pandemic seems to be having a very negative effect on the issue, bringing the numbers back up.
We could see an increase in child labour for the first time in 20 years. Therefore the ILO and UNICEF have decided to examine how the crisis is affecting child labour.
The effects and duration of the crisis remain unclear. But some of the consequences are already obvious.
The pandemic has increased economic insecurity, disrupted supply chains and production. The reinforcement of the credit is binding financial markets in many countries. Public budgets are trying to keep up.
When these and other factors result in losses in household income, expectations that children contribute financially can intensify. More children may be forced to work in dangerous conditions. Those who already work can do so for longer hourse. Gender disparities can become more acute within families, with girls expected to do more housework and agricultural work.
Temporary school closures can exacerbate these trends as families look for new ways to allocate children's time.
(for further information download the report on the subject)
Child labour in Vietnam
In absolute terms there are 62.1 million working children in the Asia and Pacific Area, that is 1 in 14.
Vietnam is the first country in Asia and the second largest in the world, ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990. It also re-established the ILO conventions and undertook to take measures to tackle child labour through laws, policies and institutional support for their implementation.
Save the Children's Global Childhood Report 2019, reports that Vietnam has reduced the rate of child labour by 67% from 2000 to 2019, from 28% of children to 9%. This equates to 1.75 million working Vietnamese children, two out of five of which are under the age of 15, working in situations suitable for the definition of child labour adopted by the report.
The 2012 National Child Labour Survey reported 1.7 million children exploited in child labour, 34% of them I forced to work more than 42 hours a week. This has detrimental effects on children's health and psychological development, limits school attendance and prevents the transition to decent productive work.
The government has also laid the groundwork for effective and sustainable action against child labour by ratifying the ILO conventions and has undergone several revisions of national laws on child labour to address the remaining issues.
In addition, Vietnam's successful work in poverty reduction has improved the living conditions of many families, which has indirectly led to fewer children having to work. The country has invested heavily in education, ensuring high enrolment rates, with a focus on ethnic minority children in remote mountain areas.
GTV has always paid attention to the issue of child protection.
The Child Sponsorship Programme offers children in Northern Vietnam the payment of school fees, school supplies, medical care and food aid, to combat the phenomenon of child labor unfortunately widespread in their communities.
Join us to support this program: links to SAD